• The following are the Modern World History Curriculum Frameworks, as created by the Massachusetts Department of Education.  These frameworks list the expectations of student learning for the scope of the course.

    French Revolution & the Napoleonic Era
    • WHII.3 Summarize the important causes and events of the French Revolution. (H, C, E)
    • WHII.4 Summarize the major effects of the French Revolution. (H) 
    Industrial Revolution & Social & Political Change in Europe, 1800 - 1914
    • WHII.5 Identify the causes of the Industrial Revolution. (H, E)
    • WHII.6 Summarize the social and economic impact of the Industrial Revolution. (H, E)
    • WHII.7 Describe the rise of unions and socialism, incl. the ideas and influence of Robert Owen and Karl Marx. (H, E)
    • WHII.8 Describe the rise and significance of antislavery sentiment in Britain, including the abolition of the slave trade by the British Parliament in 1807, the abolition of slavery within the British Empire in 1833, and the role of various antislavery societies. (H)
    • WHII.9 Explain the impact of various social and political reforms and reform movements in Europe. (H, C, E)
    Industrial Revolution & Social & Political Change in Europe, 1800 - 1914
    • WHII.10 Summarize the causes, course, and consequences of the unification of Italy and Germany. (H)
    • WHII.11 Describe the causes of 19th century European imperialism. (H, E)
    Asian, African and Latin American History in the 19th & 20th centuries
    • WHII.12 Identify major developments in Indian history in the 19th and early 20th century. (H, E)
    • WHII.13 Identify major developments in Chinese history in the 19th and early 20th centuries. (H, E)
    • WHII.14 Identify major developments in Japanese history in the 19th and early 20th centuries. (H, E)
    • WHII.15 Identify major developments of African history in the 19th and early 20th centuries. (H, E)
    • WHII.16 Identify the major developments of Latin American history to the early 20th century. (H, E)
    The Great Wars, 1914-1945
    • WHII.17 Describe the relative importance of economic and imperial competition, Balkan nationalism, German militarism and aggression, and the power vacuum in Europe due to the declining power of the Russian, Austrian, and Ottoman Empires in causing World War I. (H, E)
    • WHII.18 Summarize the major events and consequences of World War I. (H, E)
    • WHII.19 Identify the major developments in the Middle East before World War II. (H, E)
    • WHII.20 Describe the various causes and consequences of the global depression of the 1930s, and analyze how governments responded to the Great Depression. (H, E)
    • WHII.21 Describe the rise and goals of totalitarianism in Italy, Germany, and the Soviet Union, and analyze the policies and main ideas of Mussolini, Hitler, Lenin, and Stalin. (H)
    • WHII.22 Summarize the consequences of Soviet communism to 1945. (H, E)
    • WHII.23 Describe the German, Italian, and Japanese drives for empire in the 1930s. (H)
    • WHII.24 Summarize the key battles and events of World War II. (H)
    • WHII.25 Identify the goals, leadership, and post-war plans of the allied leaders. (H)
    • WHII.26 Describe the background, course, and consequences of the Holocaust, including its roots in the long tradition of Christian anti-Semitism, 19th century ideas about race and nation, and Nazi dehumanization of the Jews. (H)
    • WHII.27 Explain the reasons for the dropping of atom bombs on Japan and its short and long-term effects. (H)
    • WHII.28 Explain the consequences of World War II. (H, E)
    • WHII.29 Describe reasons for the establishment of the United Nations in 1945 and summarize the main ideas of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. (H)
    The Cold War Era, 1945 - 1989
    • WHII.35 Describe the global surge in economic productivity during the Cold War and describe its consequences. (H, E) WHII.36 Explain the various factors that contributed to post-World War II economic and population growth. (H, E)
    • WHII.30 Summarize the factors that contributed to the Cold War, including Soviet expansion in Eastern Europe and the differences between democracy and communism. (H, C)
    • WHII.31 Describe the policy of containment, including the Truman Doctrine, the Marshall Plan, and NATO, as America’s response to Soviet expansionist policies. (H)
    • WHII.32 Describe the development of the arms race and the key events of the Cold War era. (H)
    • WHII.33 Describe the Chinese Civil War, the rise of Mao Tse-tung, and the triumph of the Communist Revolution in China in 1949. (H)
    • WHII.34 Identify the political and economic upheavals in China after the Chinese Revolution. (H, E)
    • WHII.37 Describe how the work of scientists in the 20th century influenced historical events, changed the lives of the general populace, and led to further scientific research. (H)
    • WHII.38 Describe the development and goals of nationalist movements in Africa, Asia, Latin America, and the Middle East, including the ideas and importance of nationalist leaders. (H)
    • WHII.39 Explain the background for the establishment of the modern state of Israel in 1948, and the subsequent military and political conflicts between Israel and the Arab world. (H)
    The Contemporary World, 1989 - 2001
    • WHII.40 Identify the causes for the decline and collapse of the Soviet Union and the communist regimes of Eastern Europe. (H, E)
    • WHII.41 Explain the role of various leaders in transforming the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. (H, C)
    • WHII.42 Analyze the consequences of the Soviet Union’s breakup. (H, E)
    • WHII.43 Identify the sources of ethnic and religious conflicts in the following nations and regions. (H)
    • WHII.44 Explain the reasons for the fall of apartheid in South Africa, including the influence and ideas of Nelson Mandela. (H)
    • WHII.45 Explain the social and economic effects of the spread of AIDS in Asian and African countries. (H)
    • WHII.46 Explain how the computer revolution contributed to economic growth and advances in science, medicine, and communication. (H)
    • WHII.47 Explain the rise and funding of Islamic fundamentalism in the last half of the 20th century and identify the major events and forces in the Middle East over the last several decades. (H, E)
    • WHII.48 Describe America’s response to and the wider consequences of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attack on the World Trade Center in New York City and the Pentagon in Washington, D. C. (H)